Previous Challenge Entry (Level 3 - Advanced)
Topic: The United Kingdom (01/22/09)
United King Dom is a constitutional monarchy and one of the world’s richest nations. The people of United King Dom are very brainy and the country consists of much of the British Isles. The four constituent nations namely England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland come under the purview of the Union. UK occupies all of the islands of Great Britain, north eastern portions of the island of Ireland and most of the British Isles. The countries like Ireland, France, Belgium and Netherlands are the nearest neighbors of United King Dom. The constitution of UK is both flexible and written based on conventions, customs and usages. The Isle of Man and other categories of Channel Islands possess their own legislative bodies and depend upon the Crown. The UK today is a diverse patchwork of native and immigrant cultures, possessing a fascinating history and dynamic modern culture, both of which remain hugely influential in the wider world. Although Britannia no longer rules the waves, the UK is still a popular destination for many travelers. The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom is LONDON. The flag of the United Kingdom is popularly known as the Union Jack or Union Flag. It is comprised of the flags of St. George of England, St. Andrew of Scotland, as the and the St. Patrick's Cross of Ireland. Within England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the flags of each nation are commonly used. The United Kingdom has an array of National parks and designated which serve to preserve the country's natural heritage. There are 14 National Parks in total spread across England, Scotland and Wales (9 in England, 2 in Scotland and 3 in Wales) and 49 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (35 in England, 4 in Wales, 9 in Northern Ireland and 1 in both England and Wales). There are no Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in Scotland, but there are the equivalent national scenic areas of which there are 35 spread across the country.
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with a king or queen as the head of state and a prime minister as the democratically elected head of government. The Prime Minister is not elected directly but is the leader of the largest party or coalition of elected Members of Parliament in the House of Commons. After a general election, it is this leader is then invited by the monarch to form a government. MPs are elected in 646 electoral districts (constituencies) from throughout the UK. The upper house of Parliament is the House of Lords. The lords gain their seats either by inheritance of a title (hereditary peers), appointment for life (life peers) or being one of the twenty-six most senior bishops in the Church of England (spiritual peers). The highest populated city of UK is London where near about one Crore (10000000) people are residing and the total land area is 244,110 squire kilometers.
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