The Divinity and Humanity of Jesus
by Chris Huffman
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I thought it would interesting and fun as well to explore this issue. There will be a lot of Scripture covered here and I believe that through the revelation of the Holy Ghost you will be enlightened and even awed by some of the things featured. At times, we tend to read Scripture verses numerous times but never really grasp the scope of them. We all do this, but there will be a time when God will reveal the awe-inspiring reality of these verses to you. I pray that this article will help you to be ready when that revelation comes! And don't misunderstand the intent of this piece either. I am NOT trying to separate Jesus' divinity and humanity from each other! All I am doing is revealing the Scriptures that address them as one.
We are going to start with the announcement of Jesus' conception and future birth as found in Luke 1:31:
"Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS."
Now, Mary, by her own admission, said that she had never slept with a man in her life, "How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?" Here is the angel Gabriel's response:
"The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall OVERSHADOW thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God."
Okay, let's be sure to remember that the natural was created by the supernatural; everything physical came from non-physical. Basically what Gabriel told her was that God (the Holy Ghost) was going to enter her (come upon thee) and the power of God was going to override the natural means of conception (man and a woman having intercourse where semen is deposited to fertilize the egg) where God would be wrapped in flesh, blood and bone for nine months and the end result would be the birth of Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour. Remember God made everything out of nothing. He spoke verbally everything into existence and made Adam out of dust from the earth, so don't think that supernaturally conceiving life is outside his bounds.
By the way, the Greek word for overshadow is Episkiazo and is used in two ways: of the bright cloud at the Transfiguration (Matt. 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:34) and metaphorically of the power of "the Most High" upon the virgin Mary (Luke 1:35). -Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words.
"For with God NOTHING shall be impossible." (Luke 1:37)
Now, let's look at some crucial testimony from Jesus himself of his divinity. Look at John 16:27:
"For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I CAME OUT FROM GOD."
And he uses the same language again in John 17:8:
"For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I CAME OUT FROM THEE, and they have believed that thou didst send me."
And Jesus himself says he was with God before anything existed:
"And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I HAD WITH THEE BEFORE THE WORLD WAS." (John 17:5)
Jesus said that God would send us the Holy Ghost (the Comforter) in John 14:16 and then in 16:7 said HE would send him:
"And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever."
"Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I WILL SEND HIM UNTO YOU." (John 16:7)
Jesus said that the Holy Ghost would glorify him and would reveal whatever Jesus gave to him. Well, it just goes to show that if only God is to be glorified and (as I'll quote the Scripture) Jesus says he receives glory, then he is God:
"He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew (show) it unto you." (John 16:14)
Look at John 10:30, "I and my Father ARE ONE." Same in essence, distinct in person. In John 3:13, Jesus makes a profound statement to Nicodemus:
"And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but HE that came down from heaven, even the Son of man WHICH IS IN HEAVEN."
What he said there was that not only was he standing before Nicodemus as God the Son, but he was also up in heaven as God the Father at the same exact time! In the verses just before that one, Jesus was telling Nicodemus how to be born again, but he was finding it difficult to understand him, so Jesus says:
"If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?" (John 3:12)
There's only one way Jesus could tell anyone heavenly things and that is if he came from God for he alone would know the things of heaven. According to Jesus, he came to freely give his life for sinners. Here is how he words it:
"I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I LAY IT DOWN OF MYSELF. I HAVE POWER TO LAY IT DOWN, AND I HAVE POWER TO TAKE IT AGAIN." (John 10:17b-18a)
A hugely controversial claim to his divinity was when Jesus called himself YHWH, pronounced Yah-way and is God's personal name given to Moses as found in Exodus 3:14. Look at John 8:58, "Verily (Truly), verily (truly), I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I AM." Yah-way is such a holy name to the Jews, they feared even writing God's name, let alone speak it.
A verse that profoundly asserts Jesus' claim to divinity and pre-existence is where he himself says, "For I CAME DOWN FROM HEAVEN, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me." (John 6:38) And several dozen verses later as he is wrapping up his proclamation about being the bread of life, where many of his disciples deserted him, he says:
"Doth this offend you? What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he WAS BEFORE?" (John 6:61-62)
Are you beginning to see that Jesus makes a bulk of the claims to his divinity, his pre-existence and omnipotence, omnipresence and omniscience? And that they are made in the Gospel of John? This is why I think John is the most beloved Gospel of the 4 in the New Testament, because John through the Holy Ghost was inspired to dramatically illustrate Jesus' status as God Almighty in human flesh!
Here is another verse where Jesus makes it clear where he is from, "Ye are from beneath; I AM FROM ABOVE: ye are of this world; I am NOT of this world." (John 8:23) And just like Jesus is not of this world NEITHER is his kingdom as he declares in John 18:36, "My kingdom IS NOT OF THIS WORLD." This next verse parallels John 10:30 where he said, "I and my Father are one," he says in John 8:19 after being asked, "Where is thy Father?" Jesus answered, "Ye neither know me, NOR my Father: IF ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also."
When you know Jesus you know God the Father as well. I realize I may be jumping around with this a bit, so just bear with me please! It is my sincere hope that all these verses that I am showcasing here will help to settle any possible doubt or lingering uncertainty about Jesus being God in the flesh! Because for me, after I got saved, for the first couple of months, I had no idea that Jesus was God in human flesh! I first discovered this at a First Steps program for new believers at the church I was going to in June 2005. After this revelation, I searched the Scriptures, asked other believers for help to find the verses that would confirm this and grew even more in my faith afterwards.
Another verse in John that shows Jesus equaling himself with God is found in John 17:10 where he says, "And all mine are thine, and thine are mine; and I am glorified in them." What he said there was that what was his was God's and what was God's was his meaning us believers. The first time Jesus speaks in Revelation is in chapter 1 verse 8 where he says, "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending." And in verse 11 he again says that, "I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last." Jesus our Lord God Almighty also says this in Isaiah 44:6:
"Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God."
Now, listen to some of the things that John the Baptist said about Jesus. If you don't remember, John was filled with the Holy Ghost BEFORE he was even born:
"For he (John) shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall BE FILLED WITH THE HOLY GHOST, EVEN FROM HIS MOTHER'S WOMB." (Luke 1:15)
Now look at John 1:29-30:
"The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: FOR HE WAS BEFORE ME."
Then in a few verses later, 34 to be exact, John says, "And I saw, and bare record that THIS IS the Son of God." Something also to remember is that Jesus refers to himself in the third person numerous times and he much like God does in the Old Testament goes in and out of first and third person perspectives. Look at Mark 8:38:
"Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels."
Jesus tells us many things of importance in John 14:1-3:
"Let not your hearts be troubled: ye believe in God, believe ALSO in me. In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also."
It's not enough to believe in God, millions of people do that but it does not mean they are Scripturally saved by faith in Christ, so Jesus tells us to believe ALSO in him! He is also preparing a place of our own in heaven and when everything is ready, he will come and receive us to himself, so that we will be where he is...in heaven, not on earth! A few verses later he equals himself with God again by saying:
"If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him." Jesus reveals God the Father to us, but yet Philip was still having a hard time understanding, so Jesus said to him, "Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? He that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?" (John 14:7-9)
Jesus was addressed AS God by the Apostles and in a very dramatic and monumental way by Thomas as found in John 20:26-28:
"And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. And Thomas answered and said unto him, MY LORD AND MY GOD."
I am sorry but if that does not give you goose bumps (in a good way) I don't know what would. I mean, it blew me away when I read that verse. It just really hits home for those who are struggling with their faith or those who are near saving faith.
Jesus claims total loyalty, greater than any and all human loyalties as found in Matthew 10:37, where he says, "He that loveth father or mother MORE than me is NOT worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is NOT worthy of me."
He makes it crystal clear that he wants our total loyalty to him and if we put family (biological family) before him or love them more than him, we are not worthy of being his. It is a fact that some people put immediate family members ahead of themselves or lift them up on a pedestal. I love my biological parents very much, and I have witnessed to them many times, but they have not gotten saved. I am hoping that they will before it is too late, but I cannot force them into the kingdom, they have to come in on their own, of their own free will.
The Jews sought to kill Jesus many times. On numerous occasions for working on the sabbath, such as performing miracles. He told the Jews accusing him that, "My Father worketh hitherto, and I work." Later he says that what the Father does, he does the same. And Jesus is glorified in the Father and God is glorified through Jesus:
"This sickness (concerning Lazarus' death) is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby." (John 11:4)
"Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify in himself, and shall straightway glorify him." (John 13:31-32)
Here is an interesting exchange between Jesus, God and the disciples and Jews:
"Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him. Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes." (John 12:28-30)
Jesus told the Jews and disciples they would in their generation, "...see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory." (Mark 13:26)
Now listen to this incredible account of the martyrdom of Stephen found in Acts 7:55-59:
"But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God. And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. And they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, and cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul (later Paul). And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."
Can you imagine that folks? It was unfortunate that the Jews did not heed Stephen's words and be saved, but they rejected him and the gospel of Christ and stoned him for his efforts. But as he was dying, he looked into heaven and saw Jesus standing next to God! WOW!
Think about this for a moment. Jesus never once corrects or rebukes anyone who calls him God, or Son of God, or alludes to him being God EVER! In fact, he seeks those who will acknowledge him as such. For instance, the man who was blind whom Jesus healed and was later cast out of he synagogue as found in John 9:1-38. Observe verses 35-38:
"Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God? He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him? And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee. And he said, LORD, I BELIEVE. AND HE WORSHIPPED HIM." Then in Acts 8:26-37, Jesus had an angel instruct Philip to go toward Gaza where he would meet a eunuch from Ethiopia. When he got closer to the eunuch's chariot, the Spirit told him to meet with him and witness to him (31-35). Then finally in verse 37, the eunuch confesses and says, "I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God."
If God alone knows our hearts and thoughts, then why is it that the New Testament clearly says that so too does Jesus as found in the following passages:
In Mark 2:1-12, Jesus forgave the sins of a man who was lowered into a house through the roof for there was no way to get inside because of the amount of people inside because of his faith to be healed by him. Listen to their exchange, "When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee. But there were certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God only? And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?"
And when in John 6 he explained how he was the bread of life from heaven, his disciples couldn't deal with the sayings, "Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it? When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you." (John 6:60-61)
And again in Matthew 9:2-4 we see where Jesus knows men's thoughts, "And behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee. And, behold, certain of the scribes said WITHIN themselves, This man blasphemeth. And Jesus KNOWING THEIR THOUGHTS said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?"
All of these examples, not to mention any others proves Jesus is God and the Holy Spirit was the guiding inspiration to the writers of the Gospels to reveal what men and women were thinking about Jesus and his sayings.
Look at the times Jesus called himself Lord, along with his other titles and willingly received those titles from others. In Mark 11 when Jesus and the Apostles approach Jerusalem for the Passover, he sent two of them with instructions to loose a donkey for him to ride into the city on fulfilling the prophecy from Zechariah 9:9. Listen to verse 3, "And if any man say unto you, Why do ye this? Say ye that the Lord hath need of him; and straightway he will send him hither."
And when Jesus cast out Legion in Mark 5:1-20, a man possessed by many devils, they addressed Jesus thusly, "And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure (to command or plead) thee by God, that thou torment me not." (Mark 5:7) Then after casting out Legion, the man wanted to be with Jesus but he told him to, "Go home to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord hath done for thee, and hath had compassion on thee." (Mark 5:19)
In Matthew 8:28-34, we see two men possessed by devils, fallen angels, who know exactly who Jesus is when they say, "What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God?" (verse 29) And look at Mark 1:34 where it says, "And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not the devils to speak, BECAUSE THEY KNEW HIM."
And how about when he explained the fate of those who falsely proclaim him to be Lord when he said, "Not every one that saith unto ME, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven." (Matthew 7:21)
Jesus said in John 6:63 that, "the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life." So, with that in mind, let's look at what he said about the eternality of his words:
"Heaven and earth shall pass away: but MY words shall NOT pass away." (Mark 13:31)
Now let's see what Peter said about Jesus' words:
"Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away? Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life." (John 6:68)
Now let's look at a few things God himself said about Jesus. In Matthew 3:13-17, which depicts the baptism of Jesus, we hear this in verse 17, "And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." And then again at the Transfiguration as depicted in Matthew 17:1-8, we hear God say this, "While he (Peter) yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; HEAR YE HIM." Matthew 17:5)
Scripture tells us that Jesus held power over nature and being that God created the natural world and holds it in his hand, with Jesus being God in the flesh, we will look at some examples. After he and his disciples got into a ship and were sailing across the sea, Jesus had fallen asleep when a "great tempest arose." Here is their exchange:
"And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish. And he saith unto them, Why are ye fearful, O ye of little faith? Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. But the men marvelled, saying, What manner of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him!" (Matthew 8:23-27)
Now look at John 6:16-21 where we find the disciples crossing the sea of Galilee while Jesus was away praying. Observe verses 18-21:
"And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew. So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus WALKING ON THE SEA, and drawing nigh (near) unto the ship: and they were afraid. But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid. Then they willingly received him into the ship: and IMMEDIATELY THE SHIP WAS AT THE LAND WHITHER THEY WENT."
Did you notice anything interesting about the ending of that passage? The disciples were well out to sea, struggling against the wind and waves and Jesus walked across the water, got in with them and then within seconds they were at the shore, at land! Do you see what I am getting at here? They went from being out at sea one moment to being on land the next! First of all, Jesus knew exactly where they were at sea and marched across the raging sea to them. Just picture that in your mind for a minute! Then after getting into the ship with them, translated them from the midst of the sea to the shore IMMEDIATELY! What does immediately mean? According to the Oxford Illustrated American Dictionary, it means "without pause or delay; occurring or done at once." Are you catching on now? Jesus shifted them out of reality from the raging sea and reappeared at land, at safety.
Now, I know what you're thinking, "Oh Chris that is just crazy talk!" But in actuality, it is not. We HAVE been talking about God in human flesh here haven't we? The supernatural does exist, for the supernatural created the natural. Just look at the Transfiguration for a good example where Jesus peeled back reality to reveal some of his glory as Moses and Elijah appeared with him. And look at the times when crowds of people sought to lay hands on him to kill him, yet he managed to simply disappear from their midst.
Another wonderful account of Jesus' power over nature is found in Matthew 14:22-33. Caught out at sea by "contrary wind" (v. 24) Jesus walked on the sea toward them. Peter sees him and asks if it is him if he can come to him ON THE WATER! Jesus tells him to come to him and so Peter "walked on the water, to go to Jesus." (v. 29) This is incredible! Both Jesus and Peter are walking toward each other ON the water! Finally when they both got into the ship, the wind ceased.
Jesus again proves his equality with the Father when he said, "All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and TEACH all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world." (Matthew 28:18b-20)
Now we are going to start looking at all the things that Paul said about Jesus, and believe me, there is a lot to look at! We'll begin in Acts and just progress through the rest of the New Testament. In Acts 20:28, Paul is addressing the elders of the church in Ephesus and makes this statement:
"Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which HE HATH PURCHASED WITH HIS OWN BLOOD."
Paul says that God alone achieved our salvation when he said, "For what the law could NOT do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the LIKENESS of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh." (Romans 8:3)
Clearly Paul, the single greatest witness of Christ to walk the face of the earth, knew Jesus was God in human flesh! Paul teaches that salvation is found in no one else but Jesus the Christ when he said, "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved." (Romans 10:9)
Paul proclaims in 1 Corinthians 15:47 that Jesus is God from heaven when he said, "The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man IS the Lord from heaven." The grace that we are saved by is listed as belonging to God and Jesus. In 2 Corinthians, Paul says,"For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich." Now look back at 1 Corinthians 1:4 where Paul says, "I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you BY Jesus Christ."
Here is more testimony to Jesus' pre-existence from Paul as found in Galatians 4:4-5 where he wrote, "But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons." Paul again shows how Jesus is co-eternal with the Father when he said this:
"And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ." (Ephesians 3:9)
Paul again recognizes Jesus as God and equal with God in Philippians 2:6-11 when he said:
"Who, being in the form of God, thought it NOT robbery to BE equal WITH God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above EVERY name: That at the name of Jesus EVERY knee should bow, of the things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that EVERY tongue should confess that Jesus Christ IS Lord, to the glory of God the Father."
Paul again asserts Jesus' divinity and pre-existence in Colossians 1:15-17 when he wrote that Jesus "is the image of the invisible God. For BY him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: ALL things were created BY him, and FOR him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist." Then Paul establishes his acknowledgement as inspired by the Holy Ghost and belief in the Godhead as stated in Colossians 2:9 where he states, "For in him (Jesus) dwelleth ALL the fulness of the Godhead bodily."
Another statement testifying to Jesus' pre-existence is 1 Timothy 1:15 where Paul says:
"This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief." Now, THE single greatest verse in all the Bible to testify to Jesus being God in human flesh is found in 1 Timothy 3:16, where Paul writes that, "God was manifest in the flesh." The Greek word for manifest (in this usage) is Phaneroo and means to uncover, or reveal, make visible. The history concerning the controversy over the existence of this verse is chronicled in Gail Riplinger's book "New Age Bible Versions" as found in Chapter 24, pages 352-353:
"The new versions also deny that God has come in the flesh in 1 Timothy 3:16. The Westminster Confession of Faith cites 1 Timothy 3:16 as THE verse attesting most strongly to the deity of Christ (Section 8, par.2). Of the 300 Greek manuscripts containing 1 Timothy 3:16, only five late manuscripts (9th, 12th and 13th century) omit 'God.' The uncials, Aleph and especially A and C, have been altered here so either 'God' or 'who' can be deduced. The earliest witnesses support the inclusion of 'God.' Dionysius of Alexandria AD 265, Gregory of Nyssa AD 394, and Didymus AD 398. In addition, Ignatious AD 110, Barnabas and Hippolytus AD 235, and Diodorus of Tarsus AD 370 allude to the inclusion of 'God.' Of writers before AD 400, Origen, the exiled heretic, stands alone in omitting 'God.' Versions used around the world, such as the Italian Diodati, the French Osterwald, the Spanish Valera, the Portuguese Almeida and Luther's German Bible, all attest to 'God was manifest in the flesh.' The overwhelming majority of manuscripts say, 'God.' The NIV and NASB footnote stating, 'some later mss read God,' should read 'some later mss read who.' Those few copies that have 'who' in place of 'God,' do not have a complete sentence.
"There is no subject without 'God.' In addition, a neuter noun 'mystery' cannot be followed by the masculine pronoun 'who.' To avoid having a clause with no subject, the NIV and J.W. (Jehovah's Witnesses) bible arbitrarily drop the word 'who' and invent a new word, 'He.' The NASB retains 'who' and adds 'He.' By making these additions and subtractions, the new versions, in 1 Timothy 3:16, follows no Greek manuscripts at all, not even the five late uncials. The omission of 'God' in the new versions is based on its deletion in 1881 by the Westcott and Hort revision which (Bruce) Metzger says, 'was taken as the basis for the present United Bible Societies' edition.' Its omission resulted from the doctrinal stance of the 1881 committee, not from any overwhelming manuscript evidence."
In Titus, Paul equates Jesus with God as our Saviour where he says in 1:3, "But hath in due time manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour."
Now look at verse 4 where Paul says, "To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour." Then in Titus 2:13 Paul calls Jesus God AND Saviour when he said he was "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ." Paul then goes into wonderful detail about Jesus as Creator when in Hebrews 1:1-3 he said:
"God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers (ancestors) by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and UPHOLDING ALL THINGS BY THE WORD OF HIS POWER, when he had BY HIMSELF purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high."
Then in the last chapter of Hebrews, Paul writes in 13:8 that, "Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and FOR EVER."
Now we've come to the letters of John, who wrote the Gospel of John and Revelation. Again John's letters, especially 1st and 2nd John, are geared toward showing Jesus as God and those who do not confess this fact, that he came in the flesh, are heretics, deceivers and liars. Let's look at a verse from 1 John showing Jesus' equality with the Father as found in 1 John 5:7-8:
"For there are three that bear record IN HEAVEN, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: AND THESE THREE ARE ONE."
Don't bother trying to find this verse if you use a Modern English Bible...it doesn't exist. For a great review on the history of this important verse, see Gail Riplinger's book "New Age Bible Versions" Chapter 28, pages 379-383.
Throughout the New Testament, it is called upon believers to worship and give glory and to praise Jesus as found in Romans 1:25; 9:5; Philippians 1:20; 2 Timothy 4:18; 2 Peter 3:18; Hebrews 1:6 and Revelation 5:12.
Now let's look at the humanity of Jesus. You might be asking yourself, "What do you mean by humanity?" I mean, we're going to see how Jesus displayed human traits such as hunger, thirst, tiredness, weeping, mourning, etc. These are things that make humans human. While Jesus was all God as he was among us sinners, being wrapped in flesh, blood and bone, he would also display human traits and attitudes. Here are some examples:
In Matthew 8:10, Jesus reacts this way to the faith of a centurian beseeching him to heal his servant, "When Jesus heard it, HE MARVELLED, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, NOT in Israel." This next example I find a little humorous. I think it strikes me as such because of the event going on and what Jesus is doing while chaos is unfolding around him:
"And when he (Jesus) was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: BUT HE (JESUS) WAS ASLEEP."
While the ship is getting thrashed by the sea and wind, our Lord is sawing logs! Next we see Jesus with a multitude of people in Matthew 9:36, where Matthew writes, "But when he saw the multitudes, he was MOVED WITH COMPASSION on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd." Now look at Matthew 26:36, where Jesus, John, Peter and James are in the garden of Gethsemane. We'll start at verse 37 where Matthew writes, "And he (Jesus) took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: NEVERTHELESS NOT AS I WILL, BUT AS THOU WILT."
The Greek word for sorrowful as used in Matt. 26:38 is Perilupos and means to be very sad, deeply grieved. It is basic human nature to be fearful, or very sad or grieved about a traumatic event such as crucifixion awaiting you. But this is why Jesus came into the world, to give his life for sinners, to shed his literal, precious blood for us to save us from our sins.
This next example will not be quite so obvious, but when you read Jesus' words, you'll sense the anguish and sadness in his voice. Look at Matthew 23:37 where Jesus says, "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!"
And also imagine for a moment, during the passion events where Jesus is slapped, struck, spit upon, scarred by thorns pressed over his scalp and flesh shredded from his back by whips with pieces of bone and metal embedded in the straps. Any other human being would probably have died from the scourging, but Jesus of course was no "ordinary" human...he was God in human flesh! On several occasions angels came and ministered to him, but not this time. His supernatural power preserved him to get to the cross to fulfill his purpose for coming into the world.
And think about this...the very creatures God formed in their mother's womb for 9 months would later come to take part in rejecting him; to spit on him, to beat him and mock him and call for his crucifixion!
And what about when Satan came to tempt him in the wilderness? Jesus knew the devil's tactics all too well and was more than ready for him. With poise and control and confidence, our Lord turned away each temptation from Satan as it came at him.
Jesus rejoiced as well as found in Luke 10:21 where Scripture says, "In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight."
Now, consider the time Jesus cleared the temple of the money changers and those selling animals inside. Look at John 2:13-17. This is where we see anger coming from Jesus BUT it would be more categorized as righteous anger. Here is how the event unfolded:
"And the Jews' passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: And when he (Jesus) had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' money, and overthrew the tables; And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make NOT my Father's house an house of merchandise. And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up (Psalm 69:9)."
There is MUCH, much more that could be said here obviously, but I think I have covered things fairly well, enough to give you a good scope of the Scriptures dealing with the divinity and humanity of Jesus!
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