Chapter 18 from proverbs reads as follows from the Revised Standard version of the Bible:
1- The one who lives alone is self –indulgent, showing contempt for all who have sound judgment
2- A fool takes no pleasure in understanding, but only in expressing personal opinion
3- When wickedness comes, contempt comes also; and with dishonor comes disgrace.
4- The words of the mouth are deep waters; the fountain of wisdom of is a gushing stream.
5- It is not right to be partial to the wicked, or to subvert the innocent in judgment.
6- A fool’s lips bring strive, and a fool’s mouth invites a flogging.
7- The mouths of fools are their ruin, and their lips a snare to themselves.
8- The words of a whisperer are like delicious morsels; they go down into the inner morsels of the body.
9-One who is slack in his work, is a close kin to a vandal.
10-The name of the Lord is a strong tower, the righteous come into it and are safe.
11-The wealth of the rich is their strong city, in their imagination it is like a high wall.
12-Before destruction one’s heart is haughty, but humility goes before honor.
13-If one gives answer before hearing, it is folly and shame.
14-The human spirit will endure sickness; but a broken spirit –who can hear bear?
15-An intelligent mind requires acquires knowledge, and the ears of wise seeks knowledge,
16-A gift open doors; it gives access to the great.
17-The one who first states a case seems right, until the other comes and cross examines.
18-Casting a lot puts an end to disputes, and decides between powerful contenders.
19-An ally offended is stronger than a city, such quarelling is like the bars of a castle.
20-From the fruit of the mouth one’s stomach is satisfied, the yield of the lips brings safe brings satisfaction
21-death and life are in the power of the tongue, and those who love it will eat its roots.
22-He who finds a wife finds a good thing, and obtains favor from the Lord
23-The poor use entreaties but the rich answer roughly.
24-Some friends play at friendship, but a true friend sticks cloer than a brother.
Verse 1- this verse is talking about an isolationist route on a personal level as not being the most desirable course. This person also disregards the potential of combined wisdom with others.
Verse 2-this individual likes to give his own opinion above all else, rather than putting the priority and enjoyment on wherever the source comes from towards greater understanding which can be assimilated and enjoyed.
Verse 3-Wickedness will eventually bring about the correlate of hostility. The fallout from dishonor tends to go towards your reputation with others and you will not be taken as seriously and more likely be brushed aside.
Verse 4- the person of depth might express this with words and the wisdom that comes forth from an individual can be multiplied and be like a gushing stream rather than an occasional bubbling up and the listener can more so hone in for this as coming in a steady and ongoing stream. An example of this might be a writer of stories, who has a gushing peon. Or the radio talk show host that keep the flow going.
Verse 5- there is a subversive aspect with taking sides towards the guilty, as the innocent is compromised even further. We might see this not only on a local level, but a national or international arena in areas such as for example environmental rights.
Verse 6-The words of folly raise temperatures, become strident and conjure up troubles that otherwise could have been avoided and put to rest.
Verse 7- What the fool has to say ironically can become the trap for him, and become the beginning of a road that can lead all the way to ruination.
Verse 8- the whisper can be the source of romance for the soul.
Verse 9- this is the idea of cheating an employer by slacking off on the job, yet still taking the full wages. If everybody did this collectively, the job would not get done.
Verse 10- The very name of the Lord is refuge like a visible tower, someplace to run to from the surrounding troubles of the land.
Verse 11- this is about putting false security in riches, to the point, where it has imaginary powers. Buying power is just that, but it doesn’t fortify everything else.
Verse 12- this is warning about being over sure, over confident, over indulgent and things like that that lead into haughtiness. A humble approach gives someone more of a chance to properly size up changing circumstances and chance opportunities. For example, the swimmer, when he sees gigantic waves coning, can consider that it may be too much. More realistic and possibly humble approaches are better for going forward and gives more opportunity to draw back quickly if needed and properly appraise for pros and cons as they arise.
Verse 13= to be able to hear is a necessary process, hopeful wishes should be tempered by what you must hear, and you need to hear what is being said to appraise correctly on an ongoing basis.
Verse 14=An optimistic spirit is important as something to hold on to and cultivate further as an outlook that can help even in illness. But a poor outlook, a droopy spirit, is like letting go of a last bastion.
Verse 15-The intelligent pick up on things and good information that only ads to their arsenal. Choices about what you put your ear towards are important.
Verse 16- the process of giving is the door opener to the great. When in a questionable area, look to see what you can do as far as giving. This can be a spiritual law, with regards to intercessory prayer and how that is a form of giving that might be a door opener to the great for you.
Verse 17- there is logic to both sides of an argument that can be followed and both sides can seem valid in their points. Whether it be a court case or other situation, further examination may reveal other sides and surprises against what seemed like a rock solid case.
Verse 18-casting lots was used in Biblical times, we see this for example in the story of Jonah.
Verse 19= offending your alley is like offending you and this alley becomes even more of an advocate in various forms. The quarrel can become like the bars of a castle, keeping out the sunshine of what was otherwise possible.
Verse 20- just as very good fruit can be satisfying, the way of words can also satisfy and example of this is great conversation between people sitting down at a meal say at an outdoor café in the evening sun.
Verse 22- the good wife or husband is seen as a personalized favor from above.
Verse 23=there is a difference between being poor and rich in terms of personal policies. The rich can more brush aside in areas, will the poor need to be more in the asking mode, and their stances are different. This is why sometimes riches can bring one away from the prayer of asking, where the rich are satiated and out of the loop of asking. But the poor lack a footing that can begin to lead to other things, a footing that riches give advantages towards. The poor may have an interruption to plans that would otherwise be viable had they had the riches.
Verse 24-This is depicting the thick and thin friendship, and may come about in a relationship that is not always defined only by what is said, but more so by actions. There is a closeness to friendship as there can be a closeness found in the prayer relationship a and the idea of sticking with it in the prayer relationship.