SINKING SAND OF DARWINIAN EVOLUTION
BIG BANG THEORY
We’ve heard of the Big Bang theory, but how much do we really know about it? Before I gathered the information I’m about to present to you, I knew very little. The Big Bang theory is an attempt to explain what happened at the very beginning of our universe. We know that the universe began as a speck, this speck was very hot, and the universe starting expanding after it appeared and has never stopped expanding since.
How did discovery start? If you guessed Albert Einstein you are absolutely correct. It was Einstein’s general theory of relativity that led to the discovery of the Big Bang. Einstein predicted that the universe would either expand or contract, depending on the density of matter and energy within it. He thought his discovery was so crazy that he changed his model. It was said the biggest mistake Einstein ever made was when he was correct and thought he made a mistake. Next came a Russian mathematician named Alexander Friedmann who in 1922 corrected the model with the original assumption by Einstein that it was an expanding universe. In the meantime a Dutch astronomer named William deSitter predicted something called redshift. Redshift is what we see when we look into outer space there appears to be a red hue. This occurs when objects are moving away from you. The final piece of the puzzle came when the Secretary of the Royal Astronomical Society was made aware that three years previous a student had written a theory that the universe was in a forever state of expansion. This gentleman’s name was George Lamaitre, who just happened to also be a Catholic priest.
The Big Bang at this point wasn’t universally accepted but had become a threat to some because of other reasons. Up until this time intellectuals had considered the universe had always existed it its present state. The French philosopher George Politzer expressed this opinion very effectively, “The universe was not a created object. --- If, it were, then it would have to be created instantaneously by God and brought into existence from nothing. To admit creation, one has to admit, in the first place the existence of a moment when the universe did not exist and that something came out of nothingness. This is something to which science cannot accede (give in).” The former editor in chief John Maddox of ‘Nature’ magazine admitted there was a Big Bang but calls it philosophically unacceptable.
With the Big Bang gaining popularity a gentleman named Fred Hoyle decided to join in the debate. Hoyle incidentally named the Big Bang in a desperate attempt to degrade the discovery. Fred Hoyle, Herman Biondi and Thomas Gold created a theory called the Steady State theory. Biondi and Gold both had state like other they couldn’t accept the Big Bang theory on philosophical grounds. So these three men created the Steady State theory, indicating that the universe had existed forever and that new matter was being created to fill in the gaps between objects. This was in contrast to the Big Bang, which stated the universe was expanding and that caused the greater distances between objects. These two theories were competing theories. It is now obvious that the Steady State theory was not only created for scientific reasons but also philosophical reasons. If, there were a beginning there could be a God.
In 1965 two scientists Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson at Bell Labs were trying to measure radiation from the Milky Way Galaxy. When they were close to their source radiation started coming in from all directions. Their research had been corrupted by this unexplained radiation. They wrote a paper concerning this unexplainable radiation. At the same time there were two other scientists named Robert Dicke and James Peebles who were actually looking for the radiation ‘floating’ around in outer space and not coming from a particular object. Dicke and Peebles were confident they would find this radiation. They knew from calculations that the temperature of this radiation would be 3 degrees K. I forgot to mention that the temperature of the radiation that Penzias and Wilson detected was 3 degrees K. After diligent examination of Penzias and Wilson’s radiation, it was determined they had discovered the microwave cosmic background radiation created at the Big Bang.
The Steady State theorists had already taken a serious blow when it was discovered in the 50’s galaxies evolved and were very active billions of years ago. The Steady State theory had a funeral after the discovery of the radiation at the Big Bang itself. It was a dead issue and the Big Bang was universally accepted, except for that small remnant, who still can’t accept the philosophical possibility that God created the universe.