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A Study of James
by Steve Kozak
07/18/06
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A STUDY OF JAMES


BREAKDOWN:


1. Faith Through Adversity……………………….James 1:1-27
A. Introduction
B. James Who, When?
C. The Rule, Not the Exception
D. Devine Wisdom
E. The Rich Really Don’t Get Richer
F. Who’s Tempting Who?
G. Walk the Walk
H. Review of Chapter 1

2. Love Thy Neighbor as Yourself……………… James 2:1-26
A. I do… as Long as He Looks Like Me
B. Don’t Just Read the Law, Live it
C. Mr. Deeds
D. This here is Useful Faith

3. Taming of the Tongue…………………………….James 3:1-18
A. A Powerful & Deadly Tongue
B. A Mouth Washed with Soap
C. Wisdoms

4. Prideful Vs. The Humble…………………………James 4:1-12
A. Pleasure or Pain
B. Grace for the Humble

5. Don’t Give Me no Attitude……………………….James 5:1-18
A. The Joy of Being Rich
B. Give me Some More Patience
C. How else can we Show Dependence?

6. Conclusion…………………………………………..James 5:19

A STUDY OF JAMES

FAITH THROUGH ADVERSITY

INTRODUCTION



The book of James is referred to as a catholic epistle. Catholic meaning universal.

The book of James was one of a few books not written directly to a church

James addressed his letter to the whole rather than the parts.


As you read try to follow James’ writing style. You should find that it is very circular. He introduces a theme or idea and builds on it, always referring back to the original.


JAMES…WHO, WHEN?

James 1:1
“James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ,
To the Twelve tribes scattered among the nations: Greetings.”

The author identifies himself as simply James. So which one? There are several James’ mentioned in the bible.

James, son of Alphaeus - Wasn’t mentioned enough in the New Testament
James, son of Zebedee – Died too early to have written it
James, half brother of Jesus - Most likely choice (most scholars agree. Lots of evidence to many to review)
Because there are no historical incidents to assist in dating the book, it is very difficult to determine when it was written.

James died in A.D. 62

Given different use of terms in the book such as elders, and meetings suggest that it could have been one of the earliest books in the New Testament.


To the Twelve tribes scattered among the nations: Greetings.

James was speaking of the many Jewish/Hebrew Christians scattered throughout regions of Judea and Samaria (Acts 8:1). (because of persecution) This was written to address growing issues during a critical time period in the history of the church.

James explores Christian living through a Jewish perspective to assist the many converts participating in the new covenant.







THE RULE….NOT THE EXCEPTION

JAMES 1:2-4
“2 Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, 3 because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. 4 Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.”

What are your observations?









What is the key word in verse 2?
Whenever.
James seems to be telling us that adversity should be expected as the rule rather than the exception.

That is not to say that we should jump into adversity. We will surely “fall” into when necessary.

We should also delight in that very adversity that we are to expect.

But Why?


1. We know that God has provided us with adversity as part of the process of sanctification.
2. Adversity Combined with faith gives us perseverance and makes us stronger.

3. It also provides us a test in faith.

.
3 because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance.







4. Adversity + Faith + Perseverance = Maturity

5. Maturity in God helps to show us our dependence on Him.

The entire Christian life is a process of recognizing our deficiencies and seeking His grace to supply our needs.

If you want to grow closer to God you must love pain.









DEVINE WISDOM

JAMES 1:5-8
“5 If any of you lacks in wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him. 6 But when he asks, he must believe and not doubt, because he who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind. 7 That man should not think he will receive anything from the Lord; 8 he is a double-minded man, unstable in all he does.”

Observations:













God puts us through adversity to show our dependency.

How do we rely on God?
PRAY

Even though James writes “if any of you” he is really assuming that everyone lacks wisdom at some point.

We all need divine wisdom.

Is James saying to ask God for whatever you need and he will not deny you of it?

We need to pray. Pray for the wisdom to see the suffering
as a gift. Pray to walk the path of God regardless of the
circumstances


We should not pray for wisdom to decipher the questions of
what should I buy or which job to take


Is it good enough to just pray?


The phrase “wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind” is referring to what?

A believer who is influenced by many different ideas about what God is up to.

What does it mean to be double-minded? “two-souled”
One who asks God for what he thinks he needs and has little faith in God while asking for it.

We must pray with faith and without wavering, pray for the right wisdom and be prepared to accept the wisdom God provides.

Praying in faith also recognizes that God is in control, so we rejoice in adversity, because it is for our good and his glory.





THE RICH REALLY DON’T GET RICHER!

JAMES 1:9-12
“9 The brother in humble circumstances ought to take pride in his high position. 10 But the one who is rich should take pride in his low position, because he will pass away like a wild flower. 11 For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed. In the same way, the rich man will fade away even while he goes about his business.
12 Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him.”

Observations:

The humble brother = high position
Pride?? I thought we should not have pride.
Rich = low position
Once again James mentions perseverance and trials
Crown of life = ????




James speaks of the Humble Brother. He is talking about a poor person or in less financial standing than others.


Why is James adding this little tidbit about the rich and poor?

1. James wants all people, rich and poor, to view their circumstances as eternal.

Who we are and what we do here on earth determines our place in the Kingdom of Heaven.

2. The poor are exalted and the rich are humbled.

3. All people are equal in God’s eyes.


But does that answer the previous question?

Remember the double-minded or the doubters?
Some of these people most likely are either rich or poor in some way.




















NO ONE RECIEVES SPECIAL TREATMENT FROM GOD ON THE BASIS OF HIS EARTHLY STATUS!!




Verses 10-11 speaks once again about nature and man.

Isaiah 40:6-7 speaks of God’s greatness and man’s insignificance.
“6 A voice says, “Cry out.” And I said, “What shall I cry?”
“All men are like grass, and all their glory is like the flowers of the field. 7 The grass withers and the flowers fall, because the breath of the Lord blows on them. Surly the people are the grass.”

The rich are insignificant and the poor are lifted to greatness. The Kingdom of Heaven is the reward from the perseverance of the poor and humble.


JAMES RETURNS TO DISCUSSING TRIALS.


12 Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial, because when he has stood the test, he will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those who love him.”


James discussion regarding trials:
1. take joy in trials and adversity
2. develop endurance for trials
3. Ask for the wisdom that you lack.
4. Seek the way of the wise, the “Crown of Life”

What is the Crown of Life?


Could be referring to an abundant spiritual life and/or eternal life – the consummation of the believer’s salvation


In this case the trial could be poverty or many others. It is merely stating an example of the Crown of Life as the reward for humility and perseverance or those that follow the path of God.





WHO’S TEMPTING WHO?


JAMES 1:13-18
13“When tempted, no one should say, “God is tempting me.” For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he tempt anyone; 14 but each one is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed. 15 Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.
16 Don’t be deceived, my dear brothers. 17 Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down form the Father of heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows. 18 He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.”

Observations:


DOES THIS MAKE SENSE?
God is sovereign; He is in control of everything

God is the One who brings adversity into the lives of His people.

God has brought adversity into my life.

In such times of adversity, I am tempted to act in an ungodly manner.

If I yield to this temptation, I sin

Therefore, God is the source of my temptation.

If I fail, it must be God’s fault, because he led me to temptation.

Who do you think this describes?
The Double-Minded

The source of Temptation is man’s own evil desires.

This is another reminder of how God wants us to respond during times of adversity.

“TEMPTATIONS AND OCCASIONS PUT NOTHING INTO A MAN, BUT ONLY DRAW OUT WHAT WAS IN HIM BEFORE.”
John Owen (1616-1683)

Tempted by evil desires
Desires Conceived
Birth to sin
Sin gives birth to death



GOD IS OUR FATHER…
AS ANY GOOD FATHER WOULD DO…
He wants the best for us and would never do anything to hurt us. Everything is done out of a love that you and I cannot fathom.


GOD ONLY TESTS US, NEVER TEMPTS US












WALK THE WALK.

JAMES 1:19-27
“19 My dear brothers, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, 20 for man’s anger does not bring about the righteous life that God desires. 21 Therefore, get rid of all moral filth and the evil that is so prevalent, and humbly accept the word planted in you, which can save you.
22Do not merely listen to the word and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. 23Anyone who listens to the word but does not do what it says is like a man who looks at his face in the mirror 24 and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like. 25But the man who looks intently into the perfect law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it-he will be blessed in what he does.
26 If anyone considers himself religious and yet does not keep a tight rein on his tongue, he deceives himself and his religion is worthless. 27 Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world.”


Observations:








WALKING THE WALK MEANS HAVING A “TEACHABLE SPIRIT”

Key ingredient is to LISTEN

A person that listens is one who is humble before God

Humility’s goal is the righteousness of God

Anger is only self gratification











What are verses 22-25 talking about again?


Receiving God’s word is doing what it says not just hearing what he says

The person that looks in the mirror and forgets is the same that has a false self image. He thinks of himself as perfect and in no need of further instruction by God. That person also makes sure that everyone knows just how great they are.

A tight rein on your tongue means to be humble and not boast about your righteousness.

But the truly righteous are humble and do not pronounce themselves righteous. They have a clear self image. One of truth.

Simply put:

THE ESSENCE OF RELIGION IS HUMILITY

What does James mean when he states that we should “ look after orphans and widows in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world”




Is that all we should do?



God’s perfect law is religion that involves ethical responsibilities.




REVIEW OF CHAPTER 1








LOVE THY NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF


I DO… AS LONG AS HE LOOKS LIKE ME

JAMES 2:1-7
“1My brothers, as believers in our glorious Lord Jesus Christ, don't show favoritism. 2Suppose a man comes into your meeting wearing a gold ring and fine clothes, and a poor man in shabby clothes also comes in. 3If you show special attention to the man wearing fine clothes and say, "Here's a good seat for you," but say to the poor man, "You stand there" or "Sit on the floor by my feet," 4have you not discriminated among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?”
5”Listen, my dear brothers: Has not God chosen those who are poor in the eyes of the world to be rich in faith and to inherit the kingdom he promised those who love him? 6But you have insulted the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court? 7Are they not the ones who are slandering the noble name of him to whom you belong?”
Observations:










Remember this statement?



NO ONE RECIEVES SPECIAL TREATMENT FROM GOD ON THE BASIS OF HIS EARTHLY STATUS!!





What does this statement mean?

PEOPLE ARE SAVED ON THE BASIS OF GOD’S SOVEREIGN CHOICE, WHICH HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH MAN’S MERIT.


Consider this:








OR













These two men have nothing in common except for one thing.

WHAT IS IT?
Sinners



God’s Word declares that each and every person without exception is a sinner, deserving of eternal judgment.



The fact that we are sinners make us all the same in the eyes of God.


Here is the logic:

1. If God is sovereign and in control of everything


2. God sees all people as equal and loves us all the same


3. It is God who decides who is saved and what our judgment will be


4. In order to be saved we must be God-like the best we can


5. If God sees all as equals then so should we.


Partiality or discrimination is shown to be inconsistent with the ideals of Christian Faith

The motives are considered evil because they….

Go against God’s motives for salvation.

How many times do you think someone as different or not as good as you?

James is using the examples in verses 2-4 to illustrate to Jewish Christians to show that in order to call yourselves followers of Christ you must act accordingly. Discriminating was to dishonor those people and thus dishonoring God.


Remember we have already established this:
1. James wants all people, rich and poor, to view their circumstances as eternal.

Who we are and what we do here on earth determines our place in the Kingdom of Heaven.

2. The poor are exalted and the rich are humbled.

AND…
3. All people are equal in God’s eyes.



Since God shows no partiality, He insists that we do the same. Favoritism is not compatible with Christ.


The key here is to show impartiality in our works as believers. Otherwise our motives are not pure and consistent with God’s commands.

Ministry must give to all without prejudice




DON’T JUST READ THE LAW, LIVE IT
JAMES 8-13
“8If you really keep the royal law found in Scripture, "Love your neighbor as yourself,"[a] you are doing right. 9But if you show favoritism, you sin and are convicted by the law as lawbreakers. 10For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. 11For he who said, "Do not commit adultery,"[b] also said, "Do not murder."[c] If you do not commit adultery but do commit murder, you have become a lawbreaker.”
12”Speak and act as those who are going to be judged by the law that gives freedom, 13because judgment without mercy will be shown to anyone who has not been merciful. Mercy triumphs over judgment!”
Observations:





James implies that during this time some people, new to the faith were able to show impartiality and snub the poor and give favor to the rich, still thinking themselves religious.

The Royal Law??








37”Jesus replied: " 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.'[a] 38This is the first and greatest commandment. 39And the second is like it: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'[b] 40All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments." Matthew 22:37-40







Are these things any different than what James is telling us?

The Jews at the time did the same things we do now.

They were picking and choosing which of God’s commandments they wanted to follow.

They had yet to make a connection between loving your neighbor and discrimination.

James uses this opportunity to show the seriousness of their sin.

To show partiality toward anyone is to break God’s law

THE SIN OF PARTIALITY


OUR DAY OF JUDGMENT:

To discriminate in our judgments is to ignore the certainty of consequences when we stand before Christ as our Judge.

The day of judgment is coming for all men…believers and unbelievers.


1"Do not judge, or you too will be judged. 2For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.”
Matthew 7:1-2

If men have not shown mercy and love to those in need, then they should not expect God to be merciful to them in their day of judgment.


What is the “LAW THAT GIVES FREEDOM”

The love of God applied to each particular circumstance of life.









MR. DEEDS

JAMES 2:14-19
14What good is it, my brothers, if a man claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save him? 15Suppose a brother or sister is without clothes and daily food. 16If one of you says to him, "Go, I wish you well; keep warm and well fed," but does nothing about his physical needs, what good is it? 17In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.
18But someone will say, "You have faith; I have deeds."
Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by what I do.
19You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that—and shudder.
Observations:












James defined “True Religion in Chapter 1 in response to one adversity. Now in Chapter 2 James defines “True Religion” another way.

HOW WE RESPOND TO NEIGHBORS DURING THEIR ADVERSITY.

In the verses 1-13 in Chapter 2 James describes the sin of partiality in a very blatant way…DISCRIMINATION

This second part in verses 14-26 James is describing a much more subtle version of the same sin of partiality.

HYPOCRISY

In Our case what is the Hypocrisy?










But I thought we were saved by faith alone?
That is what Paul said.



PAUL SAYS


16know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified.
Galatians 2:16

20Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
Romans 3:30

8For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— 9not by works, so that no one can boast.
Ephesians 2:8-9

Could it be true that there is contradiction in the Bible?



JAMES SAYS

17In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.
James 2:17


IS THERE A DIFFERENCE?


What is faith without deeds?

James returns back to examples of the poor in verses 15 and 16.

James is telling us that some of us (the doubters) may bless with their mouth, but with an empty hand.

James wants the readers to understand how bad this really is.
It could be considered even worse than blatant discrimination. This type of sin is considered cruel and deeply hypocritical.

You might say that we would see this sin as a minor misdemeanor.
James sees it as felony.

LOOK IN THE MIRROR AGAIN…WHAT DO YOU SEE?
WHAT DOES THE DOUBTER SEE?








What does it mean to have genuine faith?

It is not a mere profession of faith


The hypocrite (man in the mirror) believes that he is saved based solely on his profession of faith. He feels he is in good graces with God.

They think that thinking of them and letting someone else to all the work.


THIS PERSON’S RELIGION IS WORTHLESS

Faith alone does save.
It is True Faith that alone saves… The faith that saves is not really alone it will come with good works.

TRUE RELIGION OR FAITH HAS WORKS ALREADY ATTACHED.

The idea hinges on a persons willingness to add good behavior to sound doctrine, unlike the demons.









COULD SOMEONE HAVE DEEDS WITHOUT FAITH?

COULD SOMEONE HAVE LOVE WITHOUT MARRIAGE?

COULD SOMEONE HAVE TRUE BIBLICAL FAITH WITHOUT WORKS?

COULD SOMEONE HAVE A TRUE BIBLICAL MARRIAGE WITHOUT LOVE?





THIS HERE IS USEFUL FAITH

JAMES 2:20-26
20You foolish man, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is useless[a]? 21Was not our ancestor Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? 22You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did. 23And the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,"[b] and he was called God's friend. 24You see that a person is justified by what he does and not by faith alone.
25In the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them off in a different direction? 26As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead

Observations:




WHY DO YOU THINK JAMES USES THESE EXMAPLES?
































“JUST AS THE BODY WITHOUT THE SPIRIT IS DEAD, SO ALSO FAITH WITHOUT WORKS IS DEAD”.


TAMMING OF THE TONGUE



A POWERFUL & DEADLY TONGUE

JAMES 3:1-8
1Not many of you should presume to be teachers, my brothers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. 2We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to keep his whole body in check.
3When we put bits into the mouths of horses to make them obey us, we can turn the whole animal. 4Or take ships as an example. Although they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are steered by a very small rudder wherever the pilot wants to go. 5Likewise the tongue is a small part of the body, but it makes great boasts. Consider what a great forest is set on fire by a small spark. 6The tongue also is a fire, a world of evil among the parts of the body. It corrupts the whole person, sets the whole course of his life on fire, and is itself set on fire by hell.
7All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and creatures of the sea are being tamed and have been tamed by man, 8but no man can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison.
Observations:

















James begins by warning teachers.

Why Teachers?










The word Teacher was viewed as a status symbol.

1. Adversity seems to attract “counselors” and everyone else that wants to offer an unwelcome opinion.

2. Also those that teach out of own personal interest and gain.


BUT WHY JAMES SAY THEY WILL BE JUDGED MORE STRICTLY?

1. those who teach should have a greater knowledge of the truth, and thus they become more accountable.
2. We will all be judged according to our words, so teachers, whose work revolves around words, will be more accountable


To put it simply:

Greater privilege in knowledge = great accountability


48But the one who does not know and does things deserving punishment will be beaten with few blows. From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked.
Luke 12:48



WE KNOW THAT OUR WORKS REVEAL THE DEPTH OF OUR FAITH (CHAPTER 2)

WHAT DO WORDS SHOW?

Words Show depth of maturity. Words without heavenly wisdom is as demonic as claiming faith without works.

Explaining the mature tongue is James’ next task.

Read Verse 2 again:

2We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to keep his whole body in check.

“IF ANYONE IS NEVER AT FAULT…HE IS PERFECT”
??????????????????????????????????????????????????


How is that possible?


The tongue is the key to the body’s control and at the same time the same key for destruction




The tongue is a symbol for the overall discipline and maturity of the whole person.





The answer is in the illustration on the next page.


















































THE PRIDEFUL VS THE HUMBLE



PLEASURE OR PAIN? (OR IS IT?)

JAMES 4:1-6

1What causes fights and quarrels among you? Don't they come from your desires that battle within you? 2You want something but don't get it. You kill and covet, but you cannot have what you want. You quarrel and fight. You do not have, because you do not ask God. 3When you ask, you do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, that you may spend what you get on your pleasures.
4You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world is hatred toward God? Anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God. 5Or do you think Scripture says without reason that the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely?[a] 6But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:
"God opposes the proud
but gives grace to the humble."[b]


Observations:


















What fights? What significance does this statement have?



WHAT ABOUT THE DESIRES THAT BATTLE WITHIN EVERYONE?

We all have these hidden desires and wants.

Here, James uncovers the heart of the Jews’ false claims to faith and righteousness

What is it?

A friendship to the world and all the baggage that goes with
Baggage meaning
Evil desires

With only our earthly desires in mind we…

1. Forget that God meets all of our needs and use God as our own personal shopping mall.

2. Either we forget the source of our salvation or try to manipulate it to our personal needs.

This refers directly back to Chapter 1:5-18, the altered view of God created by man.

Better known as…

WORLDLINESS

Verse 4 starts talking about adulterers. What is James getting at?



“CHEATING ON GOD”



(Some believe this to be metaphorical, others literal)

You can’t love the ways of the world and worship God.

Right in the Ten Commandments God says he is a jealous God


“WORSHIP NO OTHER GODS BEFORE ME.”



THOSE WHO ARE HUMBLE BEFORE GOD ARE THOSE THAT RECEIVE HIS GRACE. THOSE THAT ARE HUMBLE ARE THOSE THAT DO NOT FOLLOW THE EVIL WAYS OF THE WORLD.

GRACE FOR THE HUMBLE

JAMES 4:7-12
7Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 8Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. 9Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom. 10Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.
11Brothers, do not slander one another. Anyone who speaks against his brother or judges him speaks against the law and judges it. When you judge the law, you are not keeping it, but sitting in judgment on it. 12There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you—who are you to judge your neighbor?
Observations:

















James spends a lot of time and energy on what it means to be “Worldly”


So now how can we fix it?





A PRESCRIPTION FOR WORDINESS


34 He mocks proud mockers
but gives grace to the humble.
Proverbs 3:34




In the face of some serious sin James gives us a few pointers




1. Submit to God
all his teachings
all his commands
change you entire way of life

2. Resist the Devil
Resist the ways of the Devil or resist the ways of the world and the desires we have within it.

3. God will only come in our hearts if we invite Him in.
We are the only ones that can open our hearts. It is our free will to love or reject God.


James also wants us to grieve and morn and wail and be gloomy


DOESN’T GOD WANT US TO BE HAPPY?

He does:
James wants us to see the seriousness of our sin. Those that do will weep before God and ask for forgiveness.

The arrogant will feel nothing and think his ways to be perfect.

The one who truly sees the need for God will be the one weeping and wailing.

Those also are the ones that will be exalted.


Verses 7-10 talk of humility and what it means to be humble before the Lord.
Verses 11-12 warn of those that are not in some ways.

James warns us to be careful what we say.

Don’t make false accusations
Don’t make assumptions about people before you know them










3"Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother's eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 4How can you say to your brother, 'Let me take the speck out of your eye,' when all the time there is a plank in your own eye? 5You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother's eye
Matthew 7:3-5


Mini Bible Study:
What does Matthew 7:3-5 mean?


YOU BETTER HAVE YOURSELF STRAIGHT BEFORE YOU MAKE ANY JUDGMENTS ABOUT ANYONE ELSE.


THIS LETTER IS A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF THIS.

WHY?

Now speaking of getting yourself straight first.

WHAT DO YOU PLAN TO DO WITH YOUR LIFE?


Could that be considered PRIDEFUL AMBITION?



Anyone ever told you these things?

You can do anything you set your mind to

Reach for the stars and go for your dreams

If you wish upon a star…

IS THERE ANYTHING WRONG WITH THESE?
ARE THEY MISLEADING?



In verse 15 James what us to understand the importance of DEPENDENCE ON GOD. Acknowledge it and complete submission to God’s will.

This speaks again of TRUE FAITH


BUT REMEMBER:

ONCE YOU HAVE COMMITTED TO HIS WILL MAKE SURE YOU STICK TO IT, OR YOU JUST MIGHT GET LABELED AS A “DOUBLE-MINDED” PERSON AND FALL BACK INTO THE WAYS OF THE WORLD.




DON’T GIVE ME NO ATTITUDE



THE JOYS OF BEING RICH

JAMES 5:1-6

1Now listen, you rich people, weep and wail because of the misery that is coming upon you. 2Your wealth has rotted, and moths have eaten your clothes. 3Your gold and silver are corroded. Their corrosion will testify against you and eat your flesh like fire. You have hoarded wealth in the last days. 4Look! The wages you failed to pay the workmen who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty. 5You have lived on earth in luxury and self-indulgence. You have fattened yourselves in the day of slaughter.[a] 6You have condemned and murdered innocent men, who were not opposing you


Observations:
















What’s with all the rich people being warned out of the blue?







Is it a sin to be rich?

Who are the rich people James is talking about?

We really don’t know exactly who he is talking about.
What we do know, is what is behind the word “RICH”

RICH =
THOSE WHO STORE UP RICHES ON EARTH AND HOARD THEIR MONEY.


28 Whoever trusts in his riches will fall,
but the righteous will thrive like a green leaf.
Proverbs 11:28



24"But woe to you who are rich,
for you have already received your comfort.
25Woe to you who are well fed now,
for you will go hungry.
Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will mourn and weep.
Luke 6:24-25


What about the word Wealth?

Isn’t it okay to be wealthy? We could argue that God may have blessed some of us to be wealthy.

Wealth =
Attitude toward money was leading them on a path of destruction.

These are the people that are condemned.


In Chapter 4 James addresses those that want, but don’t have.

Now in Chapter 5 he is focusing on those are rich and have succumbed to the temptations of the rich.

The rich James is talking about could have

1. obtained wealth though injustice
2. used wealth for wrong doing
3. used wealth to overpower and/or kill the righteous



19"Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
Matthew 6:19-21


What does it all mean?


















IT IS OKAY TO BE WEALTHY, DON’T STOCKPILE IT. USE FOR GOOD, AND THOSE TREASURES BECOME THOSE THAT YOU TAKE TO HEAVEN.




GIVE ME SOME MORE PATIENCE



JAMES 7-12

7Be patient, then, brothers, until the Lord's coming. See how the farmer waits for the land to yield its valuable crop and how patient he is for the autumn and spring rains. 8You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord's coming is near. 9Don't grumble against each other, brothers, or you will be judged. The Judge is standing at the door!
10Brothers, as an example of patience in the face of suffering, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord. 11As you know, we consider blessed those who have persevered. You have heard of Job's perseverance and have seen what the Lord finally brought about. The Lord is full of compassion and mercy.
12Above all, my brothers, do not swear—not by heaven or by earth or by anything else. Let your "Yes" be yes, and your "No," no, or you will be condemned.



Observations:











PATIENCE IS THE INNER QUALITY THAT PRODUCES THE OUTER MANIFESTATION OF PERSEVERANCE



What does that mean???????






To have faith in God:

Remember what the Israelites went through moving from Egypt to the Promised land.

What did they have in Egypt that was not so easily available in Israel?
Why did make it happen this way, do you think?


This created something that God longs for in all of us.



DEPENDENCE


How is James illustrating this?

He uses past examples in Verses 10-11

Citing the prophets and Job


Verse 12 seems to be just stuck in there. What is its significance?









What about those people that don’t ever keep those promises?

Just some people that swear to tell the truth on a witness stand and intentionally lie.

James is referring to those that need to appear spiritual before others.

James is telling us to just forget that nonsense and just have faith….
TRUE FAITH
How does this tie into verses 7-11.

DEPENDENCE ON GOD


Have faith in Him and He will take care of the rest. True dependence will teach you that you don’t even need any oaths. You will appear spiritual just fine.








HOW ELSE CAN WE SHOW DEPENDENCE?


JAMES 5:13-18

13Is any one of you in trouble? He should pray. Is anyone happy? Let him sing songs of praise. 14Is any one of you sick? He should call the elders of the church to pray over him and anoint him with oil in the name of the Lord. 15And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise him up. If he has sinned, he will be forgiven. 16Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective.
17Elijah was a man just like us. He prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the land for three and a half years. 18Again he prayed, and the heavens gave rain, and the earth produced its crops.




Observations:








DEPENDENCE ON GOD REQUIRES LOTS AND LOTS OF

PRAYING
PRAISING
ANOINTING


Read verse 15 again. Doesn’t that sound a lot like those in the Word Faith believers?


Consider this:
A sick person is both physically and spiritually ill
Being well refers to a healing of the heart.
To be at peace with God and understanding and comforting in His will.


Verse just confirms the
POWER OF PRAYER





CONCLUSION

ONE QUESTION:


DO YOU POSSESS WHAT YOU PROFESS?


If you died today, are you absolutely certain that you would go to heaven? You can be! TRUST JESUS NOW

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