There are many various interpretations of who are the nations and people who will usher in Armageddon, the final battle between “good and evil” where God will intervene, destroy Satan and the demons in a ‘lake of fire’ and restore Israel to unsurpassed glory and preeminence. To set all of this in motion will be a series of global events, not the least of which will be an invasion against the Jewish people by a coalition of the damned/doomed, led by one called Gog, prince of Magog. Although I am not entirely sure which tribal nations make up this military offensive first-strike, which for them will be MAD (“Mutually Assured Destruction”), still these groups are comprised of Indo-European descendants of Noah’s son, Japheth.
JAPHETH- The progenitor of the Indo-European peoples who lived to the farthest north and west of Israel.
(GENESIS 10: 2-8)
JAVAN (Elishah-Tarshish-Kittim and Rodanium )
NOTE: The sons of Japheth are the maritime or seafaring people.
Gomer- Cimmerians/Indo-European people from southern Russia who settled in Cappadocia in Asia Minor [Turkey]. He was the father of the Scythians who dispossessed the ‘Cimmerians’ from their home in Russia.
-Cappadocia- south of Pontus about 300 miles from Galatia eastward toward “Armenia” (land of ‘Ararat’), with Cilicia and the Taurus Mountains to the south. Today the region is in central Turkey, which is 98% Muslim.
-Scythians- Nomadic, Indo-European people, speaking an Iranian (Persian) dialect.
-Armenia- Is referred to as the “land of Ararat” (‘Urartu’) of which modern Turkey, Iran, and Soviet Armenia occupy parts of this ancient land area.
Madai- Ancestor of the Medians or “Medes” (Iranians/Persians); the region south and southwest of the Caspian Sea on the Zagros mountains, inhabited by an ‘Aryan people’ from the north and west. It is north of Elam and west of Assyria.
Javan- The original ancestor of Greek people.
Tubal- Ancestor of a people, likely of Cappadocia or Cilicia in Asia Minor [Turkey].
Meshech- A people of Asia Minor frequently associated with ‘Tubal.’ (Cp. Ezekiel 32: 26; 38: 1 – 40).
Tiras- Possibly thought to be the “Etruscans” of Italy.
Ashkenaz- Ancestry of a people usually associated with the Scythians (Nomadic, Indo-European people, speaking an Iranian (Persian) dialect).
Riphath- Ancestor of an ‘Anatolian’ tribe [Turkey].
Togarmah- The name of a region of Asia Minor and is likely modern ‘Gurun’ 70 miles west of Malatya, or an area in “Armenia” (land of ‘Ararat’).
Elishah- Island of Cyprus mainland of Greece (“Mycenean culture”) and Phoenician trade route.
Tarshish- Ancestor of the Aegean people, most likely of Tartessus at the southern tip of Spain, but possibly Tarsus of Cilicia [home of the apostle Paul in Turkey].
Kittim- Tribal name for the island of Cyprus [Elishah].
Rodanium/Dodanium- Identified with a Greek-speaking people.
NOTE: Reference-Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Holman Bible Publishers, 2003, Nashville, TN.
Ezekiel 38: 1-2a, 5-6
The word of the LORD came to me: “Son of Man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Persia, Cush and Put will be with them, all with shields and helmets, also Gomer with all its troops, and Beth Togarmah from the far north with all its troops- the many nations with you.
Ezekiel 38: 8b, 11-12a, 18-19, 22b
In future years you will invade a land that has recovered from war, whose people were gathered from the nations to the mountains of Israel, which had long been desolate. They had been brought out from the nations and now all of them dwell in safety. You will say, “”I will invade a land of unwalled villages; I will attack a peaceful and unsuspecting people- all of them living without gates and bars. This is what will happen in that day: When Gog attacks the land of Israel, My hot anger will be aroused, declares the Sovereign LORD. In My zeal and fiery wrath I declare that at that time there shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel. I will pour down torrents of rain, hailstones and burning sulfur on him and on his troops and on the many nations with him.
Ezekiel 39: 6, 9, 12-13, 25, 27
I will send fire on Magog and on those who live in safety in the coastlands, and they will know that I am the LORD. Then those who live in the towns of Israel will go out and use the weapons for fuel and burn them up- the small and large shields, the bows and arrows, the war clubs and spears. For seven years they will use them for fuel. For seven months the house of Israel will be burying them in order to cleanse the land. And the people of the land will bury them, and the day I am glorified will be a memorable day for them, declares the Sovereign LORD. Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will now bring Jacob back from captivity and will have compassion on all the people of Israel, and I will be zealous for My holy name. When I have brought them back from the nations and have gathered them from the countries of their enemies. I will gather them to their own land, not leaving any behind.
Revelation 20: 7-10
When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth- Gog and Magog- to gather them together for the battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city He loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
COMMENTARY: The nationalities of seafaring peoples descended from Noah’s son Japheth consists of those from southern Russia, Armenians (“land of Ararat”), Scythians and Medes (Iranians/Persians or Aryan speaking people), Greeks (Aegeans, people of Cyprus), and Etruscans (Italy). It does seem that the leader of the invading forces against Israel in the Last Days will be a coalition led by Greek states, along with Persia (Iran), Cush (southwestern limits of Persian power or land south of Egypt-Sudan), Put (Libya; a region of Africa bordering Egypt), and Beth Togarmah (Armenia /”land of Ararat”). It seems quite plausible that with the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, some of the independent Balkan states might be home to radical Muslim extremists who hate Israel. With unrest in Chechnya, as well as political and economic instability in Bosnia, Croatia, and other countries [Eastern Europe, Africa, Central Asia, Middle East, etc.,], including Pakistan and bordering nations, the one thing many of them have in common is their feelings about the State of Israel. With the ever-present threat from al-Qaida in these regions and elsewhere, Biblical prophesies just might come true in such a dramatic fashion that one can only conclude the END is not only nigh, but it is here at last!
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October 20, 2013