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by ralph jackson
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THE CALENDAR CHANGE One of the biggest arguments about the change of the day of worship is the belief that the calendar change that was made by Gregory 13th in 1582 was that the continuity of days was altered or interrupted so therefore we do not know exactly which day is the Sabbath that God gave to the world? Is this true? When we look at a calendar today we see that Monday starts the week and Sunday ends it. It was only a few years ago that every calendar started with Sunday and ended with Saturday, which is in accordance with the Bible where Sunday is the first day of the week. Pagan Names. All the names of the days we have today are pagan in their origin as follows: Sunday was named after the Sun – the Sun’s day. (Latin: De Solis) Monday - Moon day. (Latin: Dies Lunae) Tuesday - For the goddess Tiw. (Latin: Dies Martis) Wednesday – for the Germanic war god – Woden. (Latin: Dies Mercurii) Thursday - for the Norse God of Thunder – Thor. (Latin Dies Jovis) Friday – for the goddess Frigga. (Latin: Dies Veneris) Saturday - for the god Saturn. (Latin: Dies Saturni) Latin Names. The Latin names given were in honour of the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jove, Venus and Saturn. The Julian calendar. (Named after Julius Caesar), was promulgated in the 708th year of the city of Rome around 46 B.C. As Caesar loved to be prominent, he named the 7th month after himself (July). His successor Augustus Caesar named the 8th month after himself. Although the Julian calendar was used for 15 centuries, it was not an accurate calendar as it assumed the length of the solar year to be 365 ¼ days. However this was inaccurate by eleven minutes and a few seconds less than that. Consequently this small loss was accumulated year on year meaning that the vernal equinox, which during Caesar’s time was around March 25, was gradually moving backwards. During the 16th century A.D. the vernal equinox was about the 11th March. Astronomers had begun to write about the problems with the Julian calendar as far back as the 13th century A.D but it was not until the 16th century that many were looking to reform the calendar, but the question was how? Any changes would also need the agreement of all countries. Finally, the Papacy under Pope Gregory 13th became involved and at the Council of Nicaea in 325 when the question of the Easter celebration was settled. He published a bull dated 1st March 1582 taking 10 days off the calendar. What was then the 5th October 1582 became the 15th October 1582 and the new calendar was named the Gregorian calendar, which is now in use today. Nothing else was done to the calendar which ensured time was uniform with the vernal equinox. There was no difference to the days or to the month. Friday the 5th October now became Friday the 15th October. The days of the week remained the same. The next day was still Saturday only instead of it being Saturday 6th October, it was Saturday 16th October. Both Portugal and Spain, both predominantly Catholic countries, immediately adopted the new calendar and later France changed the 10th December to the 20th December. The next year, all the Catholic areas of Germany adopted it but it wasn’t until 1700 that Protestant areas of Germany along with Sweden and Denmark began to use the new calendar. Some countries, such as Holland, were slow to change due to their distrust of the Papacy. England took until 1752 to accept the new calendar. This was due to Henry the 8th being in the process of establishing what would later be known as the Church of England. He wanted nothing to do with the Papacy. However as time progressed, the difference in reckoning of dates resulted in confusion and it became difficult for business between England and the Continent. As a consequence, it was the businessmen of England that caused the final adoption of the new calendar. The British Parliament sat on 2nd September 1752 and passed an Act which stated that the 2nd September should now be called the 14th September. This was a Thursday. The date was changed but not the day. The Saturday at the end of that week would have been the 4th of September under the Julian calendar but now became the 16th of September under the Gregorian calendar, both in England and on the Continent. The Russians and Grecians, who were under the influence of the Greek Church would not adopt the new calendar but did so not long after the Russian revolution. Rumania, Serbia and Turkey finally adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1919. Whilst the dates were not the same in these countries, the days were. Days have remained the same from creation until now. The same seventh day sabbath as given by God at creation, which was passed down through Israel, remains to this day. The changes to the calendar have not been affected by the change of the calendar. There is also no Biblical authority for the change of rest day to Sunday. The same seventh day we are told to remember in the 4th Commandment, written by God’s own finger (twice) on tablets of stone (writing on a stone is a sign of permanence), is still in effect for mankind today. Calling any other day a Sabbath or Holy is presumption and against the express command of God. Change of the Sabbath by man – further investigation: Step by step the Sun’s Day was gradually introduced as a day of worship for Christians. Authority of the Roman Church Monsignor Segu: Plain Talk About Protestantism of Today p.225. A Doctrinal Catechism p.174 Stephen Keenan. Sunday Law of Constantine – March 7th AD 321 Bishop Sixtus began the transference of the Sabbath to Sunder to celebrate the resurrection. In 200 AD, Pope Victor sought the enforcement of Sunday as a resurrection celebration. 386 AD, Theodosius 1 forbade litigation on Sunday. 435 AD Theodosius II forbade all amusement on Sundays. 538 AD. The 3rd Synod of Orleans forbade all work in rural areas. Fr Enright a RC priest stated in the American Sentinel that all the world pays homage to the RC church by observing Sunday as a day of rest. The Creeds of Christendom by Philip Schaffer, Vol 3, p.64 “He will speak against the Most High and oppress his saints and try to change the set times and laws” Dan 7:25

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