In order to fully appreciate and understand this chapter, we must view it as a summary of all the prophecies that were given previously. The title that I wish to give to this chapter is” the rise and fall of the little horn”. He is the central figure in this chapter. And it’s the same character in the New testament he is called” the man of sin”.(or Antichrist).
It all begins in Daniel chapter two with an image revealed to Nebuchadnezzar. We are told that Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar is the first King mentioned. Jumping down to the final kingdom consisting of two feet mixed with iron and clay, we see that it is destroyed by the stone uncut by human hands, taken out of the mountain. This final earthly kingdom represented by the feet also has a name. In revelation 17:5, it is called “mystery Babylon”. The relating part of Daniel chapter two with Daniel chapter 11 is threefold. First it speaks of a kingdom that is divided (2 feet). Second it is a kingdom that is incompatible. As the iron and Clay cannot join together, so is this final kingdom. Finally the 10 toes represent a ten kingdom alliance that takes place during the times of this final kingdom. As to its division, we find two kingdoms in constant battle with each other. They are the kingdom of the North and the kingdom of the South. These events are further elaborated upon in chapter eleven found in verses 5-20.
In Daniel chapter 7 we observe ten horns arising out of the fourth kingdom. From those 10 horns one little horn arises and destroys three of them. Our focus is on the little horn alluded to in chapter eleven.
In Daniel chapter 8, we see the same events in a different form. Instead of four kingdoms we see a ram and goat at war with each other. We are told that the kingdom of Persia is represented by the ram and the kingdom of Greece is represented by the goat. We are also told that the one broken horn on the goat was replaced by four others. Out of these four other horns there came a little horn which grew exceedingly great.
Daniel 8:21, 22, states that the shaggy goat represents the kingdom of Greece and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first King. The broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise out of the broken kingdom of the first King of Greece. Historically we know that to be Alexander the great but those involved in the prophecy did not know who he was because these events had not yet happened. This prophecy speaks of Alexander’s kingdom after he died. It was not given to any of his relatives but four of his generals took the kingdom over. Later because of fighting and inner strife the four kingdoms were reduced to two which we find mentioned clearly in Daniel chapter eleven as the kingdom of the North and the kingdom of the South.
Finally in Daniel chapter 9, versus 26 and 27 we are told that the coming Prince will make an alliance with many, offer strange sacrifices, and continue on to break his promise. Once again we find this person mentioned throughout Daniel 11. With that explanation we are now ready to further pursue Daniel chapter 11