by Chris Huffman
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The Bible as we have it today is not in chronological order, that is the books are not set up by the date they were written. If it was, I think this would clear up a lot of prophetic confussion. Some time ago I wrote up a handy document detailing the prophets and certain Biblical events. I checked with many resources on the dating and except for may be a year or two, I feel confident of the dating for everything.
Below is the chronological dating of Old Testament prophets, their prophecies concerning judgments and destruction of the divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, Jerusalem and the Temple:
Jonah--781 B.C. Urged people of Nineveh (capital of Assyria who would destroy Israel in 722 B.C.) to change their ways. They repented but years later, declined into sin and evil again.
Amos--765 B.C. His warnings were for Israel and surrounding nations.
Isaiah--760 B.C. His messages were for both Judah and Israel but primarily for Judah. He lived through the prophesied destruction of Israel in 722 B.C. He encouraged Judah's king (Hezekiah) to trust in the LORD because of Israel's downfall. Isaiah also foretold the exile of Judah's people.
Hosea--758 B.C. A prophet to Israel and was a contemporary of Amos, Isaiah and Micah (who were in other areas where people of Israel lived.)
Micah--738 B.C. He preached to both Israel and Judah. He directed his messages to both Jerusalem and Samaria.
*ISRAEL IS DESTROYED IN 722 B.C. DURING THE REIGN OF KING HOSEA BY THE ASSYRIANS.
Nahum--658 B.C. Prophecy concerns the destruction of Nineveh. For their pride and cruelty, they were destroyed in 612 B.C. The city was laid waste to by the Babylonians and the Medes.
Jeremiah--650 B.C. Message was for Judah. The beef of his preaching was that God was disciplining the nation for wrongdoing. He lived through the invasions of the Babylonians, the slaughter of Jerusalem's civilians, the deportations of its people (one of which was Daniel) and the Temple's destruction.
Zephaniah--641 B.C. He was a prophet to Judah. Reforms were instituted because of his preaching but the people slid back into their evil ways.
Daniel--622 or 620 B.C. He was part of the exiles taken to Babylon. Foretold the coming world empires, all of which would dominate the entire Judean region.
Ezekiel--621 B.C. His message was for Jerusalem. Prophecies were about the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in 586 B.C.; the exiles and finally the rebuilding and restoration of the city and a new 2nd Temple (which was completed in 516 B.C.)
*NINEVEH FALLS TO THE BABYLONIANS AND MEDES IN 612 B.C.
Habakkuk--608 B.C. He preached during the last days before Judah fell in 586 B.C.
Obadiah--590 B.C. His prophecy was about Edom, who participated in Jerusalem's downfall in 586 B.C.
*JERUSALEM AND 1st TEMPLE ARE DESTROYED IN 586 B.C.
*KING CYRUS OF PERSIA ISSUES EDICT ALLOWING EXILES TO RETURN TO JERUSALEM TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE (OFFICIALLY THE 2nd TEMPLE) IN 538 B.C. REBUILDING BEGINS IN 536 B.C.
Zechariah--522 B.C. He was sent by God to encourage the new Israelite community to follow God's ways and not to fear him.
Haggai--520 B.C. His message was about the glory of the building of a new (2nd) Temple.
*2nd TEMPLE IS COMPLETED IN 516 B.C. AND STANDS UNTIL 70 A.D. WHEN IT IS TOTALLY DESTROYED TO THE GROUND, (NO STONE ON TOP OF ANOTHER-MATTHEW 24:2)
Malachi--465 B.C. Prophet to restored Israelite community sent to help with their spiritual problems.
Joel--450 B.C. His message is in regards to the future dispersion of the Holy Ghost.
*NEHEMIAH GOES TO JERUSALEM TO AID IN FINISHING THE REBUILDING OF THE CITY WALLS, around 446-400 B.C.
**SYRIAN SELEUCIDS BEGIN RULE OVER ISRAEL IN 198 B.C.
**SELEUCID RULER ANTIOCHUS IV ATTEMPTS TO FORCE THE JEWS TO ABANDON THEIR LAWS AND DESECRATES THE TEMPLE BY SETTING UP AN ALTAR INSIDE TO A GREEK GOD AND SACRIFICES A PIG ON IT BETWEEN 175-163 B.C. THIS IS DOCUMENTED IN 1st MACCABEES, THE HISTORICAL RECORDS CONCERNING THE JEWISH REVOLT AGAINST THE SELEUCIDS BY JUDAS MACCABEUS FROM 166-160 B.C. (NOTE: THE APOCRYPHA, CONTAINING 1ST MACCABEES AND OTHER BOOKS, IS NOT GOD-INSPIRED SCRIPTURE LIKE THE CATHOLIC CHURCH TEACHES! IT WAS IN THE 1611 KJB BUT PLACED BETWEEN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS, NOT MINGLED WITHIN THEIR TEXTS!
**TEMPLE IS REDEDICATED (CREATING THE HOLIDAY OF HANUKKAH) IN 164 B.C.
**HEROD THE GREAT BEGINS TO REFURBISH THE TEMPLE IN 20 B.C. IT IS COMPLETED IN 26 A.D. (46 YRS. OF CONSTRUCTION-SEE JOHN 2:18-22.)
**JESUS FORETELS JERUSALEM AND TEMPLE'S COMPLETE DESTRUCTION BETWEEN 29-32 A.D., DURING HIS 3 YEAR MINISTRY. ROMANS DESECRATE THE TEMPLE AND LATER IN 70 A.D. DESTROYS IT AND THE CITY (FULFILLING JESUS' PROPHECY FROM MATTHEW 24.)
Everything made much more sense when I had this to look at and understand how things went down. Chapters 38, 39 and 40 from Ezekiel have been misused to show how there will be a 3rd Temple in the future...which is not so!
You don't have to just take my word for it either--search the Scriptures for yourself instead of books by Tim LaHaye and Hal Lindsey. I hope you will find this helpful as well.
And just a note here, but Israel since being restored, has always existed! In the 130's A.D., Hadrian attempted to make it his own personal treasure city, but failed and yet another revolt broke out. This is when he wiped the name Israel off all maps and replaced it with Palestine, which is why we see Palestine on maps now instead of Israel. See this web site for details:
"The Complete Works of Josephus" translatted by William Whiston, 1998, from Thomas Nelson Publishing, will come in handy too. Josephus was a Jewish historian born in 30 or 33 A.D., where he lived before, during and after the tribulational horrors that Jesus foretold in Matthew 24 and is later expounded on in the Book of Revelation. Jerusalem, the Jews, the Temple, the sacrificial system and surrounding regions are what is pictured in Revelation and Josephus' works (written records) are a first-hand eyewitness account of everything that happened and fulfilled.
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