An overview of The Kings of Israel
by Robert Randle
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1 Kings 11: 26
Then Solomon’s servant, Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite from Zareda, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, also rebelled against the king.
1 Kings 12: 19-20
So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day. Now it came to pass when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had come back, they sent for him and called him to the congregation, and made him king over all Israel. There was none who followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.
1 Kings 14: 20
The period that (1) Jeroboam reigned was twenty-two years. So he rested with his fathers. Then Nadab his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 15: 25, 27
Now Nadab the son of Jeroboam became king over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and (2) he reigned over Israel two years. Then Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him. And Baasha killed him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines, while Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
1 Kings 15: 33
In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha the son of Ahijah became king over all Israel in Tirzah, and (3) reigned twenty-four years.
1 Kings 16: 6
So Baasha rested with his fathers and was buried in Tirzah. Then Elah his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16: 8
In the twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha became king over Israel, and (4) reigned two years in Tirzah.
1 Kings 16: 9a, 10
Now his servant Zimri, commander of half his chariots, conspired against him. . . And Zimri went in and struck him and killed him in the twenty-seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his place.
1 kings 16: 16-18
Now the people who were encamped heard it said, “Zimri has conspired and also killed the king.” So all Israel made Omri, the commander of the army, king over all Israel that day in the camp. Then Omri and all Israel with him went up from Gibbethon, and they besieged Tirzah. And it happened, when Zimri saw the city was taken, that he went into the citadel of the king’s house and burned the king’s house down upon himself with fire, and he died.
1 Kings 16: 23-24, 28
In the twenty-first year of Asa king of Judah,(5)Omri became king over Israel, and
he reigned twelve years. Six years he reigned in Tirzah. And he bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver; then he built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, Samaria [Shomeron], after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill. So Omri rested with his fathers and was buried in Samaria. Then Ahab his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16: 29
In the thirty-eight year of Asa king of Judah, Ahab the son of Omri became king of Israel; and (6) Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years.
*Joshua 6: 26*
Then Joshua charged them saying, “Cursed be the man before the LORD who rises up and builds this city Jericho; he shall lay its foundation with [the life of] his firstborn, and with his youngest he will set up its gates.”
* 1 Kings 16: 34*
In his days Hiel of Bethel built Jericho. He laid its foundation at the cost of the life of Abiram his firstborn, and with his youngest son Segub he set up its gates, according to the word of the LORD, which he had spoken through Joshua the son of Nun.
1 Kings 19: 15-16a
Then the LORD said to him [Elijah]; “Go, return on your way to the Wilderness of Damascus; and when you arrive, anoint Hazael as king over Syria. “Also you shall anoint Jehu as king over Israel.”
NOTE: Syria was part of the territory of the land of Israel.
1 Kings 22: 40, 51
So Ahab rested with his fathers. Then Ahaziah his son reigned in his place. Ahaziah the son of Ahab became king over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and (7) reigned two years over Judah.
NOTE: Baal-Zebub [lord of the flies] first occurs here in 2 Kings 2: 2; also mentioned in the gospel of Matthew 10: 25 and Mark 3: 22.
2 Kings 1: 17a
So Ahaziah died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. Because he had no son, Jehoram became king in his place.
2 Kings 3: 1
Now Jehoram the son of Ahab became king over Israel at Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, (8) and reigned twelve years.
*2 Kings 8: 7a, 8, 15*
Then Elisha went to Damascus, and Ben-Hadad king of Syria was sick. And the king said to Hazael, “Take a present in your hand, and go to meet the man of God, and inquire of the LORD by him, saying, ‘Shall I recover from this disease?’ ” But it happened on the next day that he took a thick cloth and dipped it in water, and spread it over his face so that he died; and Hazael reigned in his place.
*2 Kings 13: 24a*
Now Hazael king of Syria died. Then Ben-Hadad his son reigned in his place.
NOTE: There seems to be some confusion on whether Ben-Hadad was Hazael’s father or was it the other way around?
2 Kings 9: 1-3
And Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the prophets, and said to him, “Get yourself ready, take this flask of oil in your hand, and go to Ramoth Gilead. “Now when you arrive at that place, look there for Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi, and go in and make him rise up from among his associates, and take him to an inner room. “Then take the flask of oil, and pour it on his head and say, ‘Thus says the LORD: “I have anointed you king over Israel.” ’
NOTE: In 1 Kings 19: 16 the LORD commanded the prophet Elijah to anoint Jehu the son of Nimshi as king over Israel. Elijah is taken to heaven in 2 Kings 2: 1.
2 Kings 10: 35-36
So Jehu rested with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria. Then Jehoahaz his son reigned in his place. And the period that (9) Jehu reigned over Samaria was twenty-eight years.
NOTE: So far, 9 kings ruled in Israel for a total of 126 years.
2 Kings 13: 1
In the twenty-third year of Jehoahaz [Joash] the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz became king over Israel in Samaria, and (10) reigned seventeen years.
2 Kings 13: 9
So Jehoahaz rested with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria. Then Jehoash [Joash] his son reigned in his place. In the thirty-seventh year of Jehoahaz king of Judah, Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz became king over Israel and (11) he reigned sixteen years.
2 Kings 14: 16
So Jehoash rested with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. Then Jeroboam his son reigned in his place.
*2 Kings 14: 23, 25*
In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Jehoash, king of Israel, became king in Samaria, and (12) reigned forty-one years. He restored the territory of Israel from the entrance of Hamath to the Sea of the Arabah [border of the Dead Sea], according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which He had spoken through His servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet who was from Gath Hepher (Cp. Jonah 1: 1).
NOTE: There is no record in Scripture about the prophet Jonah mentioning anything about the life of King Jeroboam II of Israel.
2 Kings 14: 29
So Jeroboam rested with his fathers, the kings of Israel. Then Zechariah his son reigned in his place.
2 Kings 15: 8-9a, 10, 12
In the thirty-eight year of Azariah king of Judah, (13) Zechariah the son of Jeroboam reigned over Israel in Samaria six months. And he did evil in the sight of God as his fathers had done. Then Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and struck and killed him in front of the people; and he reigned in his place. This was the word of the LORD which He spoke to Jehu, saying, “Your sons shall sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth generation (Cp. 2 Kings 10: 30).”
NOTE: In this particular instance, the fourth generation from King Jehu consisted of 4 descendants, spanning a total of 74 1/2 years of reigning.
2 Kings 15: 13-14
Shallum the son of Jabesh became king in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah [Azariah] king of Judah; and (14) he reigned a full month in Samaria. For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, came to Samaria, and struck Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria and killed him; and he reigned in his place.
2 Kings 15: 17, 22
In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah [Uzziah] king of Judah, (15) Menahem the son of Gadi became king over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria. So Menahem rested with his fathers. Then Pekahiah his son reigned in his place.
2 Kings 15: 23, 25
In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem became king over Israel in Samaria, and (16) reigned two years. Then Pekah the son of Remaliah, an officer of his, conspired against him and killed him in Samaria, in the citadel of the king’s house, along with Argob and Arieh; and with him were fifty men of Gilead. He killed and reigned in his place.
2 Kings 15: 27
In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, (17) Pekah the son of Remaliah became king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.
2 Kings 15: 30
Then Hoshea the son of Elah led a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and struck and killed him; so he reigned in his place in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah [Azariah].
2 Kings 17: 1
In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, (18) Hoshea son of Elah became king of Israel in Samaria, and he reigned nine years.
2 Kings 18: 9-11
Now it came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Elah, king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. And at the end of three years they took it. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is, the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. Then the king of Assyria carried Israel away captive to Assyria, and put them in Halah and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
COMMENTARY: The united confederation and monarchy that was established under King David, continuing through his son Solomon and his son Rehoboam fell apart, becoming the separate kingdom of Judah and Benjamin in the South and Israel [the remaining ten tribes] in the North. Eighteen kings ruled in Israel for a total of 241 years before King Hoshea and the people were taken captive to Assyria and resettled among the cities of the Medes [Persians or Iranians]. It is sad that in the entire nearly quarter of a millennia timeframe, not a single king followed the LORD with his whole heart and the whole lot of them were ungodly.
The king who seemed to have achieved the greatest reform and the executer of God’s justice was Jehu, but even he wasn’t righteous, for it is said of him in 2 Kings 10: 31: But Jehu took no heed to walk in the Law [Torah] of the LORD God of Israel with all his heart; for he did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam, who had made Israel to sin. Interestingly, 241 [2+4+1] equals the sacred number of 7, which is completion or fulfillment. Also, the number of Israelite kings [18=1+8] is a 9, which in the study of “Numerology” means: endings, change, or transformation.
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